StaraPresentation Català Castellano
TRIMED project: a common tool to revaluate the Mediterranean trilogy culture

TRIMED project - The culture of the bread, oil and wine – whitin the framework of CULTURE 2000 programme of the European Union, last for three years (2005-2007) and is a cooperation project among 6 Mediterranean islands – Corsica, Cyprus, Malta, Majorca, Naxos and Sicily – which was born with the aim of sharing knowledge and experiences related to the Mediterranean trilogy culture as a tool for its revaluation.

The so-called “Mediterranean diet” has been traditionally based on the products of the “Mediterranean trilogy”: wheat, olives and grapes. These foodstuffs and their by-products - bread, oil and wine - are one of the food and cultural symbols of the Mediterranean coast countries.

The traditional cultivation and production systems of these food products have made possible the configuration of cultural landscapes, which enclose an outstanding natural, tangible and intangible heritage. As far as the natural heritage is concerned, the transformation of nature as a consequence of the human action has lead to the formation of a constructed agricultural landscape of unquestionable natural, cultural and ethnological value. In the same way, the preparation of bread, oil and wine in the pre-industrial period was developed by using techniques and tools that have given rise to the progressive configuration of a tangible heritage, both movable and immovable, which is characteristic of the rural areas in the Mediterranean countries. All these elements - agricultural landscape and movable and immovable goods - have contributed towards an important popular and traditional cultural background of immaterial nature.

Insularity is one of the factors that has contributed towards the slow transformation of these cultural landscapes due to the permanence of an economic model eminently based on the primary sector and on a secondary sector characterised by the transformation of agricultural products. Nevertheless, the economic and social transformations occurred in the Mediterranean area from the second half of the 20th Century have lead to the deterioration and permanent risk of disappearance of this heritage. For this reason, it is urgent to develop actions towards conservation, interpretation and promotion of this Mediterranean cultural heritage.